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Durand's Vineland Flint Glass Works
This vase was made between 1924 and 1931 at the Vineland Flint Glassworks, Vineland, New Jersey. It was created in the owner’s (Victor Durand Jr.'s) specialty art glass shop. It is an example of one of the last Art Nouveau-inspired glass pieces made in America. Its bright colors and iridescence resemble popular pieces of the past, featuring an elegant design and high quality craftsmanship.
The profile of this vase derives from an earlier Quezal catalogue item, and was most likely made in the earlier years of Durand’s art glass production when the craftsmen had trained at Quezal. The surface design, however, is distinctly Durand inspired. This fluid, web-like design is known as the King Tut (or coil) pattern. It was created using a yellow luster-inducing glass called Ambergis that had colorful threads of heavy glass placed on it. The glassmaker blew this glass into a bubble and pulled down all the colored glass pieces to make the green, blue and purple lines. The craftsman then took this assemblage of colored glass while it was still hot and placed it carefully into a stone or clay mold to form its ultimate shape.
The discovery in 1922 of the burial site of the Egyptian 18th-dynasty pharaoh, known in the West as King Tutankhamun, inspired a world-wide craze for ancient Egyptian art and design. The luxurious goods found in the tomb prompted commercial exploitation of the market for items such as this vase, associated with the name of the King. This example is signed in silver script on the bottom, which is rare for any Durand piece. It is especially rare for an earlier piece in which the craftsperson was still using a Quezal-inspired form.
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