North America, American, Pennsylvania
18 1/4 in. x 24 1/16 in. (46.36 cm x 61.12 cm)
Medium and Support:
Oil on canvas
Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery, Alabama, The Blount Collection
Currently On View
Edward Hicks was a sign painter and Quaker minister. His easel paintings were not a primary source of income, but were produced for private distribution on the order of visual sermons. This version of Edward Hicks’ "Peaceable Kingdom" (c. 1830–32) was created nearly fifteen years after the artist began painting the subject. The sixty-two known "Peaceable Kingdom" paintings went through a number of transitions over the course of thirty-three years (1816-49). The works illustrate the biblical prophecy of Isaiah (11: 6-8) which begins, "The wolf shall dwell with the lamb; and the leopard shall lie down with the kid...." The prophecy corresponds to the traditional Quaker belief that only by denial of self and selfish nature can man live in peace with the world and his neighbors.
The background of this version shows a gathering of famous Quakers representing a procession of sorts, stretching from Christ and the Apostles at the apex to Hicks's contemporaries at the base of the hill.
American Paintings from the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, 2006, cat. no. 5, p. 44.