Dock Street Market
North America, American, Pennsylvania
24 1/4 in. x 36 1/4 in. (61.6 cm x 92.08 cm)
Medium and Support:
Oil on canvas
Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts Association Purchase
Currently On View
© Delaware Art Museum / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
With its dark, monochromatic palette and heavy chiaroscuro, "Dock Street Market", painted when Sloan lived in Philadelphia, is characteristic of the artist's early works. The building seen here was originally known as the Delaware Avenue Market (built in 1874). "Dock Street Market" is one of a group of Philadelphia street scenes that Sloan painted in the 1890s and early 1900s that focus on architectural landmarks such as Independence Square (1900, private collection) and Walnut Street Theater (1900, John Sloan Trust). These Philadelphia scenes can be compared to Sloan's later views of New York; however, in the Philadelphia paintings the buildings tend to dominate, overshadowing the figures in the composition, whereas in the New York paintings the focus shifts to the figures and their actions, with the buildings serving as backdrops.
American Paintings from the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, 2006, cat. no. 52, p. 136.