Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
(1746 - 1828)
Goya (Spanish, 1746–1828) was court painter to Spanish kings Charles III and IV from 1786 until the French invasion of 1808, but he suffered a serious illness in the 1790s that left him deaf. During the Peninsular War with France (1808–1814) and its aftermath his art reflects an increasingly isolated and pessimistic view of mankind’s foibles and inhumanity to man.
In addition to a large oeuvre of paintings, Goya produced copies of paintings by Diego Velasquez (Spanish, 1599–1660) and four major print series plus a few other impressions totaling more than 200 images. His major series are Los Caprichos (80 plates issued in 1799), La Tauromaquia (80 plates issued in 1816), Les Disasters de la Guerre (80 plates issued posthumously in 1863), and Los Proverbios or Disparetes (18 plates created ca. 1820 and published posthumously in 1864; plus 4 plates added later).